Consequential changes[ edit ] Articles and sections which describe the Seanad or the relationship between the two Houses would have been deleted; later sections of an Article would have been renumbered to fill the gaps of deleted sections, but later Articles would not have been renumbered. Some changes were less mechanical: This reflected the reduction in the number of Oireachtas members from 60 Senators plus TDs to all TDs, whose number is to be reduced by a separate Act . The Constitution does not mention the lower courtsbut their judges' tenure is the same under statute law and so would have changed likewise.
A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed. And yet, for years, those 27 brief words have been the source of contentious debate -- seen by some as an inalienable protection against tyranny; by others as a dangerous anachronism.
What is a militia?
When I joined the court in , that holding was generally understood as limiting the scope of the Second Amendment to uses of arms that were related to military activities. The Second Amendment was right when it was passed, and we still need it today. Sep 18, · The Republican presidential candidates met for a primetime debate at the Reagan Library in California.
At the time of the American Revolutionary War, militias were groups of able-bodied men who protected their towns, colonies, and eventually states. One of the biggest challenges in interpreting a centuries-old document is that the meanings of words change or diverge.
It means the militia was in an effective shape to fight.
What type of security was referred to here? To get to that, consider the climate of the United States at the time.
The country had just fought a war, won its independence and was expanding west. There were plenty of reasons to feel unsafe, and so "security" had a very palpable meaning.
It also meant physical protection from government overreach. In the debate over the Second Amendment, this phrase, "a well regulated militia," remains one of the most cited and argued parts of the sentence.
What did a free state mean? It may seem obvious, but Rosen and Rakove agree the Constitution bore a lot of contemporary moralism and not every word is well-defined. In this case, the meaning of "state" is what it appears to be.
What kind of rights? This is another highly-contested area where it helps to know more about how the framers of the Constitution thought about complex ideas like "rights.
They were more moralistic. But they did not, Rosen says, specifically include the tenets of the Second Amendment. Even the term "people" -- the most basic catch-all -- has limitations.
Who are entitled to exercise that suffrage? In addition, there is a more basic question of semantics: By "the people," is the Second Amendment referring to people as private entities, or as participants in the militia?
The legal consensus is that the Second Amendment applies to individual rights, within reasonable regulations. More on that below. What are Arms in this context, and what is the scope of bearing Arms?
In the "District of Columbia v. Heller," the Supreme Court decided the rights outlined by the Second Amendment did apply specifically to possession of firearms for purposes of self-defense.
The decision struck down the Firearms Control Regulations Act ofwhich heavily regulated owning and keeping firearms in the District of Columbia.The US Supreme Court in began a major reexamination of the right to keep and bear arms.
How well do you know the Second Amendment? Take our quiz. Tennessee Law Review; A Critical Guide to the Second Amendment, by Glenn Harlan Reynolds.
Tennessee Law Review; A Critical Guide to the Second Amendment, by Glenn Harlan Reynolds. The Second Amendment: A Biography [Michael Waldman] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Widely acclaimed at the time of its publication, the life story of the most controversial, volatile, misunderstood provision of the Bill of Rights.
At a time of increasing gun violence in America. The Second Amendment: A Biography [Michael Waldman] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Widely acclaimed at the time of its publication, the life story of the most controversial, volatile, misunderstood provision of the Bill of Rights.
At a time of increasing gun violence in America. The Second Amendment is one of 10 amendments that form the Bill of Rights, ratified in by the U.S. Congress.
Differing interpretations of the amendment — often referred to as the right to.