Labossiere, the author of a Macintosh tutorial named Fallacy Tutorial Pro 3. Labossiere, with distribution restrictions -- please see our copyright notice. If you have questions or comments about this work, please direct them both to the Nizkor webmasters webmaster nizkor. Other sites that list and explain fallacies include:
Every day we are showered with hundreds of messages and ideas about a variety of issues, coming from our computers, our TVs, our phones, street advertising, or the people we talk to.
Unfortunately, many of these messages are not exactly accurate, and buying into them can be highly detrimental to us. This is where critical thinking skills come in, as a set of skills that enables us to correctly and logically asses the ideas we are exposed to, develop our own opinions and make decisions.
Not only that critical thinking skills help us possess accurate ideas, but by doing so, they also permit us to develop powerful arguments and counterarguments in our discussions with others, thus making us much more persuasive.
Later I began training others in debate and critical thinking, and still later I added critical thinking enhancement as part of my communication coaching services. Drawing from these experiences, I wanna share with you 3 powerful strategies to improve your critical thinking skills, make better decisions and be more persuasive.
Question Conventional Assumptions More Often Our minds are highly predisposed to just absorb the ideas they get exposed to, without judging their truthfulness first. Especially ideas we hear a lot. They are, in a way, like sponges for any type of information. And while this has benefits, it also goes often against critical thinking.
So a very effective way to improve your critical thinking skills is to put some effort every day into deliberately stopping when you hear or read and idea, and asking yourself and, if suitable, your interlocutor too: If convincing evidence is presented, you accept the idea and move on.
As you practice this, your minds gradually gets used to it and it becomes a habit.
You build into your thinking a natural tendency to regularly question ideas, a healthy dose of skepticism. For instance, overgeneralization is a common logical fallacy, which consists in the tendency to jump too quickly to a general conclusion from a small number of sample cases.
For example, you meet two lawyers who are arrogant, and you conclude that all lawyers are arrogant. Although we like to think of ourselves as rational people, the truth is that all of us frequently fall prey to fallacies.
There is lots of information online about logical fallacies. I also talk about them often in my free newsletterwhich I suggest you join.
The better you understand fallacies, the easier it is to spot them and protect yourself from them. Knowledge-deficient minds are often credulous minds. It makes you wiser and it trains your critical thinking skills.
This in itself is an invitation to research some more and think some more about this issue, which develops both your knowledge and your critical thinking on the issue.
With strong critical thinking skills, you are apt to distinguish good ideas from bad ones, make wise choice in life, communicate in a persuasive manner and have a real impact on the world. For more advice from me on how to improve your critical thinking skills, as well as your communication skills, I encourage you to get onboard my free social success newsletter.
The content I publish in it is always top-notch.Descriptions of common fallacies. Dr.
Michael C. Labossiere, the author of a Macintosh tutorial named Fallacy Tutorial Pro , has kindly agreed to allow the text of . © Copyright Robert T. Carroll. This page was designed by Cristian pfmlures.coman Popa.
In reasoning to argue a claim, a fallacy is reasoning that is evaluated as logically incorrect and that undermines the logical validity of the argument and permits its recognition as pfmlures.comless of their soundness, all registers and manners of speech can demonstrate fallacies.
Because of their variety of structure and application, fallacies are challenging to classify so as to satisfy. What is my Comfort Zone? This is the place you have always lived. These are the thoughts you are used to thinking, the way you are used to behaving, the assumptions that are familiar to you.
Fallacies And Fallacies: Fallacies - Logical Fallacies Fallacies, in terms of logic, are forms of flawed thinking. They are obstacles—weeds in the garden of the mind, which can be difficult to distinguish from the plants if not closely observed. TIP Sheet FALLACIES and PROPAGANDA. It is important to be able to evaluate what you read and hear.
If you did not sort the credible from the incredible, the serious from the playful, the essential from the nonessential, the world would be full of conflicting and bewildering messages.