Philippines 2 pages, words Decades of illegal logging, unusually high rainfall and geography have all contributed to the devastation wrought by storms that have lashed the Philippines, the government and environmentalists say. With hundreds dead or missing in floods and landslides in Quezon, Nueva Ecija and Aurora provinces, blame has fallen on illegal loggers who have stripped hillsides bare and turned lush green forests into death traps.
Overview[ edit ] Logging in national parks: Korindo is known to be using illegal timber from the last rainforests of Indonesia. In Mayan Indonesian Government investigation confirmed that Korindo was receiving illegal timber from notorious timber barons known to obtain timber from an orang-utan refuge — the Tanjung Puting National Park.
It is recognised as a world biosphere reserve by the United Nations and forms the largest protected area of swamp forest in South-East Asia. Illegal logging is a pervasive problem, causing enormous damage to forests, local communities, and the economies of producer countries.
Despite the economic importance of trade in timber and forest products, major international timber consumer countries, such as the EU, have no legal means to halt the import of Illegal logging a major factor in sourced forest products,  because the identification of illegally logged or traded timber is technically difficult.
Therefore, a legal basis for normative acts against timber imports or other products manufactured out of illegal wood is missing. Scientific methods to pinpoint the geographic origin of timber are currently under development.
They must instead be arranged in bilateral agreements. TRAFFIC,  the wildlife trade monitoring network, strives to monitor the illegal trade of timber and provide expertise in policy and legal reviews.
Governments tend to underestimate the situation, given that high estimates of illegal logging may cause embarrassment as these suggest ineffective enforcement of legislation or, even worse, bribery and corruption. On the other hand, environmental NGOs publish alarming figures to raise awareness and to emphasise the need for stricter conservation measures.
For companies in the forestry sector, publications making high estimates can be regarded as potentially threatening for their reputation and their market perspective, including the competitiveness of wood in comparison to other materials. However, for many countries, NGOs are the only source of information apart from state institutions, which probably clearly underestimate the true figures.
Consequences[ edit ] Illegal logging continues in Thailand. This photograph was taken from the roadside in Mae Wang District, Chiang Mai Province, in March Illegal logging contributes to deforestation and by extension global warmingcauses loss of biodiversityand undermines the rule of law.
These illegal activities undermine responsible forest managementencourage corruption and tax evasion and reduce the income of the producer countries, further limiting the resources producer countries can invest in sustainable development.
Illegal logging has serious economic and social implications for the poor and disadvantaged with millions of dollars worth of timber revenue being lost each year. In the forestry sector, cheap imports of illegal timber and forest products, together with the non-compliance of some economic players with basic social and environmental standards, destabilise international markets.
This unfair competition affects those European companies, especially the small and medium-sized companies that are behaving responsibly and ready to play by fair rules.
The fires occur annually in the dry season August—Octobercaused mainly by land-clearing and other agricultural fires, but fires escape control and burn into forests and peat-swamp areas. An estimated 73 percent of all logging in Indonesia is believed to be illegal.
Private corporations, motivated by economic profits from local and regional market demands for timber, are culpable for deforestation. These agro-industrial companies often do not comply with the basic legal regulations by inappropriately employing cost effective yet environmentally inefficient deforestation methods such as forest fires to clear the land for agricultural purposes.
The Forestry Law states that it is essential for companies to be endorsed by authorities in respective regions with an IPK permit, a timber harvesting permit, for legal approval of their deforestation activities. This rudimentary agricultural technique involves the felling of forest trees before a dry season and, subsequently, the burning of these trees in the following dry season to provide fertilisers to support their crop activities.
This agricultural practice is repetitively employed on the same plot of land until it is denuded of its nutrients and could no longer suffice to support agricultural yields. Thereafter, these farmers will move on to occupy another plot of land and continually practice their slash-and-burn technique.
On the political front, the Indonesian governmental role in curbing deforestation has largely been criticised.The physical factor of heavy rainfall is important as it becomes a source of extra water, and it can be argued that without this factor a flood is unlikely to take place.
Other . Causes, Effects and Solutions of Illegal Logging. Illegal logging is the cutting down of trees, transporting them, or using their products such as timber for economic gains against the prohibition by law.
It involves the use of corrupt ways to reach the forests or protected areas, the harvesting or cutting down of the trees without approval, and selling them elsewhere or in black markets as. Illegal logging is the harvest, transportation, This contributing social factor to deforestation reinforces the challenges faced by forestry sustainability in developing countries such as Indonesia.
The scale of illegal logging represents a major loss of revenue to many countries and can lead to widespread associated environmental damage.
THE EXTENT AND CAUSES OF ILLEGAL LOGGING: AN ANALYSIS OF A MAJOR CAUSE OF TROPICAL DEFORESTATION IN INDONESIA by Charles E. Palmer factor of production, e.g.
natural resources (trees), physical capital etc, over and above forestry law and hence can be termed ‘illegal’. Illegal logging can be characterised by a variety of activities.
Illegal logging is a major factor in flood devastation of Philippines. in some cases. money laundering. destabilize international markets.
blame has fallen on illegal loggers who have stripped hillsides bare and turned green forests into death traps. The government regularly granted logging concessions of less than ten years.
Since it takes 30–35 years for a second-growth forest to mature, loggers had no incentive to replant. Compounding the error, flat royalties encouraged the loggers to remove only the most valuable species.