Literature review on obesity in adults

This literature review was therefore written in order to highlight the causes, effects and potential mitigation measures of the syndrome with particular interest on the status of the condition in Africa. Obesity results from an incorrect energy balance leading to an increased store of energy, mainly as fat. The major factors that contribute to obesity include over-nutrition, physical inactivity, change of dietary habits, modernization, consumption of high fat, high carbohydrate foods, urbanization and in a minority of patients a physical condition or metabolic disturbance. Body mass index BMI is currently being used by competent authorities as an index of obesity.

Literature review on obesity in adults

A literature review of role of obesity in adult health with reference to Africa MNI Lokuruka Abstract Although obesity is a global epidemic that affects every socio-economic class, little is available in the literature on the status of the syndrome in Africa.

This literature review was therefore written in order to highlight the causes, effects and potential mitigation measures of the syndrome with particular interest on the status of the condition in Africa.

Obesity results from an incorrect energy balance leading to an increased store of energy, mainly as fat.

The major factors that contribute to obesity include over-nutrition, physical inactivity, change of dietary habits, modernization, consumption of high fat, high carbohydrate foods, urbanization and in a minority of patients a physical condition or metabolic disturbance.

Body mass index BMI is currently being used by competent authorities as an index of obesity. A BMI of However, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate obesity due to excess fat deposition and that due to muscle atrophy.

Also, current procedures for estimating body fat percentage are not as accurate as they should and often give different results. Despite women tending to be more obese than men, they are less prone to hypertension, heart disease and type 2 diabetes than men before they reach menopause due to their fat deposition being predominantly sub-cutaneous rather than abdominal.

Inthe WHO estimated that about 1. The defining metabolic changes in obesity are decreased glucose tolerance, decreased sensitivity to insulin, hyperinsulinemia and reduced life expectancy.

Obesity can be treated by restricting food intake and engaging in regular physical exercises. Other measures include the use of anorectic drugs and various forms of jejunoileostomy.

Obesity is a controllable behavioural disorder, with regular exercise and sensible eating being the best ways to regulate body fat percentage and maintain a healthy body weight.

A Review of Adult Obesity Prevalence, Trends, Risk Factors, and Epidemiologic Methods in Kuwait

As it is difficult to treat obesity, efforts should be directed towards prevention in order to keep it in check. Obesity, global situation, Africa, mitigation Full Text:A LITERATURE REVIEW OF ROLE OF OBESITY IN ADULT HEALTH WITH REFERENCE TO AFRICA Lokuruka MNI1* Michael Lokuruka *Corresponding author email: [email protected] 1Associate Professor of Food Science, Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Karatina University College, P.O.

Box , Karatina, .

Literature review on obesity in adults

The purpose of a literature review is to provide the writer with the “current theoretical and scientific knowledge about a particular interest problem” (Burns & Grove, ).

The aim of this literature review is to investigate obesity within the intellectual disability population. Obesity in the adult obesity prevention and midwives understanding of obesity in adult obesity: a discussion on overweight and pregnancy outcomes adult our essays services.

Lorenzo monasta1, canada: obesity in the first comprised a recent literature review and adolescents: a global childhood obesity in north carolina m. Leblanc ES, O'Connor E, Whitlock EP, et al.

Effectiveness of primary care-relevant treatments for obesity in adults: a systematic evidence review for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med ; A Review of the Literature Jaqui Hewitt-Taylor Articles dealing with obesity in the adult population that inform the debate on obesity in childhood, for example those relating to Overweight and Obesity in Children: A Review of the Literature Obesity.

Childhood. Health. Obesity and other risk factors of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are now emerging problems not only in affluent societies but also in developing countries like Malawi. In Malawi, the prevalence of obesity in adults is currently estimated at % (3). Obesity is predicted to rise over the coming years (4–6).

Literature review on obesity in adults
Adult obesity: A literature review on the contributory factors and