The document ordered the removal of resident enemy aliens from parts of the West vaguely identified as military areas. Included in the off-limits military areas referred to in the order were ill-defined areas around West Coast cities, ports and industrial and agricultural regions. While also affected Italian and German Americans, the largest numbers of detainees were by far Japanese.
Japanese-American Internment Many Americans worried that citizens of Japanese ancestry would act as spies or saboteurs for the Japanese government. Fear — not evidence — drove the U. Being of Japanese ancestry. Despite the lack of any concrete evidence, Japanese Americans were suspected of remaining loyal to their ancestral land.
Anti-Japanese paranoia increased because of a large Japanese presence on the West Coast. In the event of a Japanese invasion of the American mainland, Japanese Americans were feared as a security risk.
Succumbing to bad advice and popular opinion, President Roosevelt signed an executive order in February ordering the relocation of all Americans of Japanese ancestry to concentration camps in the interior of the United States.
Evacuation orders were posted in Japanese-American communities giving instructions on how to comply with the executive order. Many families sold their homes, their stores, and most of their assets.
They could not be certain their homes and livelihoods would still be there upon their return. Because of the mad rush to sell, properties and inventories were often sold at a fraction of their true value. After being forced from their communities, Japanese families made these military style barracks their homes.
Until the camps were completed, many of the evacuees were held in temporary centers, such as stables at local racetracks.
It made no difference that many had never even been to Japan. Ten camps were finally completed in remote areas of seven western states. Housing was spartan, consisting mainly of tarpaper barracks.
Families dined together at communal mess halls, and children were expected to attend school. The United States government hoped that the interns could make the camps self-sufficient by farming to produce food. But cultivation on arid soil was quite a challenge. Most of the ten relocation camps were built in arid and semi-arid areas where life would have been harsh under even ideal conditions.
Evacuees elected representatives to meet with government officials to air grievances, often to little avail. Recreational activities were organized to pass the time. Some of the interns actually volunteered to fight in one of two all-Nisei army regiments and went on to distinguish themselves in battle.
Fred Korematsu challenged the legality of Executive Order but the Supreme Court ruled the action was justified as a wartime necessity. It was not until that the U. On the whole, however, life in the relocation centers was not easy.On February 19, , President Franklin D.
Roosevelt signed Executive Order No. empowering the U.S. Army to designate areas from which "any or all persons may be excluded." No person of Japanese ancestry living in the United States was ever convicted of any serious act of espionage or sabotage during the war.
Japanese-American Internment During World War II By Jerry D. Morelock. One of the most controversial actions taken by the United States government during World War II was the early relocation of about , people of Japanese ancestry living on the West Coast and their internment for much of the duration of the war in well-guarded, isolated camps farther into the U.
S. interior. FDR AND JAPANESE AMERICAN INTERNMENT. Today, the decision to intern Japanese Americans is widely viewed by historians and legal scholars as a blemish on Roosevelt’s wartime record.
Following the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, the FBI arrested over Japanese aliens throughout the United States. Over the next several weeks, President. The museum’s exhibition on the Japanese internment makes no mention of the last decade’s most important new research findings concerning the motives behind the internment decision.
Top 3 Supreme Court Cases Involving Japanese Internment. Search. Search the site GO. Issues. Race Relations History Top 3 Supreme Court Cases Involving Japanese Internment Why the Men Who Fought the Government Became Heroes. Share Flipboard Email President Franklin D.
Roosevelt signed Executive Order on Feb. 19, Japanese-Americans Internment Camps of World War II After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, many thought the mainland was next. The United States, by order of the President, rounded up , people of Japanese ancestry for detention.