Hugo's childhood was a period of national political turmoil. Napoleon was proclaimed Emperor of the French two years after Hugo's birth, and the Bourbon Monarchy was restored before his 13th birthday. The opposing political and religious views of Hugo's parents reflected the forces that would battle for supremacy in France throughout his life: Hugo's father was a high-ranking officer in Napoleon's army until he failed in Spain one of the reasons why his name is not present on the Arc de Triomphe.
Towards the end of the novel, Hugo explains the work's overarching structure: The hydra at the beginning, the angel at the end. The novel contains various subplots, but the main thread is the story of ex-convict Jean Valjeanwho becomes a force for good in the world but cannot escape his criminal past.
The novel is divided into five volumes, each volume divided into several books, and subdivided into chapters, for a total of 48 books and chapters. Each chapter is relatively short, commonly no longer than a few pages. The novel as a whole is one of the longest ever written with approximately 1, pages in unabridged English-language editions,  and 1, pages in French.
It addresses England as well as Spain, Italy as well as France, Germany as well as Ireland, the republics that harbour slaves as well as empires that have serfs. Social problems go beyond frontiers.
Humankind's wounds, those huge sores that litter the world, do not stop at the blue and red lines drawn on maps. Wherever men go in ignorance or despair, wherever women sell themselves for bread, wherever children lack a book to learn from or a warm hearth, Les Miserables knocks at the door and says: Digressions More than a quarter of the novel—by one count of 2, pages—is devoted to essays that argue a moral point or display Hugo's encyclopedic knowledge, but do not advance the plot, nor even a subplot, a method Hugo used in such other works as The Hunchback of Notre Dame and Toilers of the Sea.
One biographer noted that "the digressions of genius are easily pardoned". The one about convents he titles "Parenthesis" to alert the reader to its irrelevance to the story line. It opens volume 2 with such a change of subject as to seem the beginning of an entirely different work.
The fact that this 'digression' occupies such a large part of the text demands that it be read in the context of the 'overarching structure' discussed above. Hugo draws his own personal conclusions, taking Waterloo to be a pivot-point in history, but definitely not a victory for the forces of reaction.
Waterloo, by cutting short the demolition of European thrones by the sword, had no other effect than to cause the revolutionary work to be continued in another direction. The slashers have finished; it was the turn of the thinkers. The century that Waterloo was intended to arrest has pursued its march.
That sinister victory was vanquished by liberty.
The novel opens with a statement about the bishop of Digne in and immediately shifts: One of the strangers was a man who had stolen a loaf of bread similar to Jean Valjean. The officer was taking him to the coach.
The thief also saw the mother and daughter playing with each other which would be an inspiration for Fantine and Cosette. Hugo imagined the life of the man in jail and the mother and daughter taken away from each other.
Vidocq became the head of an undercover police unit and later founded France's first private detective agency. He was also a businessman and was widely noted for his social engagement and philanthropy. He went to Toulon to visit the Bagne in and took extensive notes, though he did not start writing the book until On one of the pages of his notes about the prison, he wrote in large block letters a possible name for his hero: He used a short part of his dialogue with the police when recounting Valjean's rescue of Fantine in the novel.
In December he witnessed an altercation between an old woman scavenging through rubbish and a street urchin who might have been Gavroche.
He also slipped personal anecdotes into the plot. He sleeps on the street, angry and bitter. Digne's benevolent Bishop Myriel gives him shelter. At night, Valjean runs off with Myriel's silverware. When the police capture Valjean, Myriel pretends that he has given the silverware to Valjean and presses him to take two silver candlesticks as well, as if he had forgotten to take them.
The police accept his explanation and leave. Myriel tells Valjean that his life has been spared for God, and that he should use money from the silver candlesticks to make an honest man of himself.
This inspired a very similar scene in Places in the Heart.On June 30, , the final chapter of Victor Hugo’s timeless classic Les Misérables was published. “Timeless classic” is an adage often tossed around, but in this case, it could not be.
— Victor Hugo, Les Misérables Before being exiled he never denounced slavery, and no trace of its abolition is to be found in the 27 April entry of his detailed diary. On the other hand, Victor Hugo fought a lifelong battle for the abolition of the death penalty as a Nationality: French.
Les Miserables (Penguin Classics) [Victor Hugo, Norman Denny] on pfmlures.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. He was no longer Jean Valjean, but No.
Victor Hugo’s tale of injustice, heroism and love follows the fortunes of Jean Valjean/5. Victor Hugo was the third son of Joseph Léopold Sigisbert Hugo (–) and Sophie Trébuchet (–); his brothers were Abel Joseph Hugo (–) and Eugène Hugo (–).
He was born in in Besançon in the eastern region of Franche-Comté. In comparison to other classic works of literature that explore the human condition in periods of great social and political upheaval, Les Miserables is up there with Dostoevsky’s Crime and.
Quotes of Common words from Classic. Simple words can express big ideas - learn how great writers to make nice sentences with common words: Quotes of TRUST from Les Misérables (V4) by Victor Hugo.