The en-dash is wider than a hyphen, but more narrow than an em-dash. An example of the en-dash is provided below: All politicians desire respect and power — some even achieve it — but it is easier said than done.
References provide support for statements and add credibility to writing.
The rules for what needs a citation are an academic tradition, but are rarely stated explicitly: All direct quotations from another author must be cited. The writer has no discretion in this matter: Failure to cite quotations is known as plagiarism, a serious academic offense that is equivalent to fraudulent representation of someone else's property as the writer's.
It is highly recommended that authors always include the indicia of a quotation [i. It is not an acceptable defense to plagiarism to claim that the author forgot to include the indicia of a quotation.
All substantial information taken from another source should be cited. There are four reasons for this: The meaning of "substantial information" in 2 is deduced on a case-by-case basis by considering the four reasons.
If at least one of the reasons is appropriate or desirable, then a reference should be used. However, one does not give a reference for well-known facts e.
The appropriate test is whether any person with an undergraduate education in the appropriate specialty would immediately recognize the fact: Let us take a moment to expand on item 2b above. If the writer doubts the truth of the information, then the writer should indicate to the reader the basis for those doubts.
This can be accomplished diplomatically by making a "on the one hand Doubts can also be raised and at least partly resolved by discussing alternative interpretations. The point is that the writer can not just serve the reader some cited material and then walk away from the mess: If a complete resolution of the facts is not possible, then the writer has an obligation to say so.
Some types of statements beg for a citation. For example, It is commonly believed that It is widely known that The conventional wisdom is that These assertions need a citation of at least one I prefer three references that support the assertion.
These references may be to textbooks, which are rarely cited in professional literature in other contexts. There are two reasons for requiring a reference to this type of statement:Turnitin provides instructors with the tools to prevent plagiarism, engage students in the writing process, and provide personalized feedback.
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A More Formal Definition of Sentence A sentence is a set of words that is complete in itself, typically containing a subject and predicate, conveying a statement, question, exclamation, or command, and consisting of a main clause and sometimes one or more subordinate clauses.
In a writer's toolkit, few things are more versatile than a compound sentence.
By definition, these sentences are more complex than a simple sentence because they contain two or more independent pfmlures.com are what gives an essay detail and depth, making your writing come alive in .
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This is a punctuation lesson on using commas. Commas can be used after the setting the scene for a sentence, after transitional phrases, after interjections, before conjunctions, for parentheses, after a long subject, in lists, and with the vocative case.
This grammar lesson offers an explanation on the correct use of commas and gives examples of commas used in sentences.